When we talk about packaging, the first thing that comes to our mind is consumer-focused packaging. However, the packaging is done on all levels of the supply chain, before the product reaches the consumer. This packaging involves the transportation packaging which is done to protect the goods while they get transferred from manufacturers, distributors, and retailers to the customers. Today, transportation packaging reaches directly to the consumers due to the increasing eCommerce business that is reshaping the packaging value chain for better customer experience.
But what exactly is transportation packaging and how it affects the sustainability of the business?
Transportation packaging is a type of packaging that puts restrictions against damage of goods while protecting them during storage, handling and of course, transportation. This term involves all industrial packaging and freight containers for consumer products.
In the previous blog, we learned about the various levels of packaging.
- Primary packaging
- Secondary packaging
- Tertiary packaging
Transportation packaging mainly involves secondary packaging which primarily aims at damage prevention of the goods. Secondary product packaging involves one or more primary packages during transport. The most common types of secondary packages include bags and carton boxes for packing, boxes include single-use or reusable boxes that are foldable or collapsible. A variety of bags include envelopes, bulk sacks or multiwall sacks. Also, trays, crates, drums, barrels, and specialty containers can be put into this category. Secondary packaging also includes interior dunnage that reduces friction and contact between the inner packs of the good thus providing additional protection during transport. Dunnage includes airbags, air cells, paper systems, foams, etc.
Now coming to our topic, how does transportation packaging affect sustainability?
Transportation packaging prevents damage of goods while in transit and also utilizes optimum space thus improving the sustainability of a business.
Protection against damage:
The chances of goods getting damaged at every touchpoint increases. Hence, packaging reduces the cost of damages throughout the supply chain.
Replacing a damaged product requires more costs as compared to packaging. It also prevents extra shipments that need to be carried to transfer damaged goods.
Packaging material efficiency
Higher focus on unnecessary packaging can lead to over packing and dunnage materials. Consumers are now well aware of this fact through eCommerce packaging that might spoil the reputation of the company, especially when the material is not reusable or recyclable. Thus by deciding the right amount of packaging for a particular product, it also saves unwanted expenses of overpacking goods and also builds a positive reputation if the customer’s mind. Companies should constantly invest in material optimization for packaging.
Less customizable boxing options can also lead to over boxing and inefficient use of space. Lightweight boxes that are foldable allow you to transfer more products in a single load thus reducing Greenhouse Gas (GHG) effect from extra weight and shipping. Open communication between suppliers, manufacturers, and retailers bridge the gap and facilitates optimum use of resources at reduced costs.
Thus, collaboration and proper planning of transportation packaging significantly save huge money and increases business sustainability.